To understand who God is, we must rely fully upon revelation. I don’t mean the Book of Revelation, per se, but on His “revealing” Himself to us. There is no other way for us to know who He is, since no man has seen God. Follow so far?
To know Him and find His “revealing” is not a difficult thing for us to do with just a small amount of study. This is primarily because the Old Testament offers this revelation many times by using different names for God. These can be called “attribute” names because they describe specific attributes of His nature and being. Also, there are compounded names using portions of the attribute names added together with other attributes as well, almost like an alliteration. This intensifies and or builds upon the attribute for emphasis. From these names, God and His being, power, and glory is revealed!
It’s a beautiful study! You can also listen to the archived radio programs entitled What Is In a Name (Parts 1 and 2) that study who our Great God is. And below, you will find that I’ve offered some of the attribute names and compound names ascribed to God by the Old Testament writers (and even some by God, Himself). I’ve also included some Scripture references for each so that you can see how they were used and where the name came from.
Attribute names of God:
El (which means strength, mighty, almighty, i.e. deity) see Genesis 14:18
Eloah (which is derived from El) see Nehemiah 9:17
Elohim (which is a plural form of Eloah referencing the greatness, majesty, and multiple attributes of God) see Genesis 1:1
Elah (which is Aramaic form of El) see Daniel 2:18
YHWH (which sounds like Yahweh in English) see Genesis 15:2, Exodus 3:11, Exodus 6:3
- This is what God called Himself to Moses. It means “I AM THAT I AM”
- Transliterated, the name is “Eheyeh asher Eheyeh” or shortened would be “Eheyeh”
- In Greek, it translates to Jehovah
- It’s a symbol of and reference to His self-existence and omniscience.
- This name is usually translated into English as LORD
YH (Yah, or Jah. It is a shortened form of YHWH) see Genesis 2:4, Psalm 68:4
El-Elyon (which means The Most High God) see Genesis 14:18
Adon (which means Ruler, Master, Lord) see Joshua 3:11
Adonai (emphatic form of Adon, specific in reference to El) see Genesis 15:2
Compounded names for God
- Jehoshua (The LORD Saves) see Numbers 13:16 (also means Jehovah-Savior, Jehovah our Salvation, or Jehovah is Salvation)
- Jehovah-jireh (The LORD will provide) see Genesis 22:14
- Jehovah-rapha (The LORD that heals) see Exodus 15:26
- Jehovah-nissi (The LORD our banner) see Exodus 17:15 (meaning The LORD is our victory)
- Jehovah-m’kaddesh (The LORD that sanctifies) see Exodus 31:13
- Jehovah-shalom (The LORD our peace) see Judges 6:24
- Jehovah-sabaoth (The LORD of hosts) see 1 Samuel 1:3 (meaning The Lord Almighty)
- Jehovah-elyon (The LORD Most High God) see Psalm 7:17
- Jehovah-raah (The LORD my shepherd) see Psalm 23:1
- Jehovah-hoseenu (The LORD our maker) see Psalm 95:6
- Jehovah-tsidkenu (The LORD our righteousness) see Jeremiah 23:6
- Jehovah-shammah (The LORD is present) see Ezekiel 48:35
- El-Roiy (The God of Sight, or The God Who Sees) see Genesis 16:13
- El-Shaddai (The Almighty God) see Genesis 17:1
- El-Olam (The Everlasting God) see Genesis 21:33
Derivatives of the compound name “Jehoshua” that became names for others are:
So remember…everytime you call upon the name of Jesus, you are both invoking the very name of the Almighty God and also falling upon His complete and unique power and authority to heal and save!
Now, I ask you this question… Who is God to you?
Have a wonderful day in His grace,